What is a laptop computer and its types?

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Here is all information about what is a laptop computer and its types? A laptop computer, which manufacturers occasionally refer to as a notebook computer, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer typically smaller than a briefcase and designed to be taken and used in transitory settings like aircraft, libraries, temporary workplaces, and meetings.

What is a laptop computer and its types
Pic Credit: Nelson PCs

A normal laptop has a thickness of no more than 3 inches and a weight of fewer than 5 pounds. The leading laptop manufacturers are IBM, Apple, Compaq, Dell, and Toshiba.

Because they are more challenging to develop and produce, laptop computers typically cost more than desktop computers with equivalent features.

A docking station, a hardware frame that provides connections for external input/output devices like a printer or larger display, can transform a laptop into a desktop computer. With the less powerful port replicator, you can use a single plug to connect a laptop to many peripherals.

Displays on laptops typically employ thin-screen technology. Compared to the STN or dual-scan screen, the thin film transistor or active matrix screen is brighter and has higher viewing angles.

The touchpad, trackball, and pointing stick are a few methods used by laptops to incorporate a mouse into the keyboard. A conventional mouse can also be connected to a serial port.

The PC Card is insertable hardware that allows you to upgrade your laptop’s network interface card or modem. Drives for CD-ROM and digital versatile discs can be attached or built-in.

What is laptop computer and its types?

A laptop is a portable pc that may be utilized in numerous areas and conveniently move around. Most laptops are made to do everything a desktop computer can do, so they can usually operate the same programs and access the same files. But laptops often cost more than desktop computers that do the same thing.

The names of the many types of laptop computers are listed below.

  • Chromebook
  • Notebook
  • Ultrabook
  • Netbook
  • Air MacBook
  • MacBook
  • Convertible two-in-one

Types of Laptop Computers/Laptops:

What is laptop computer and its types

Thanks to technological innovations, there are now several laptop sizes, shapes, and form factors. There are now 7 main varieties of laptops on the market.


Ultraportable laptops are compact and light. Some mobility-enhancing functions are removed from these laptops, including a CD/DVD drive and connectivity ports. Ultraportable laptops are small, light computers often known as notebook PCs or notebooks. They typically have a 12-inch screen and can last up to three hours on lithium-ion batteries before recharging.

Larger ultraportable laptop models are intended primarily as mobile devices that can be taken anywhere easily; they weigh roughly two pounds (0.91 kg) and fit into most large pockets.

The advantages of owning an ultraportable laptop range from its lightweight, which makes it simple to transport wherever you go, to the affordable pricing.

However, some people might find it more challenging to utilize this kind of computer or worry about the battery dying while they’re away from home.

Read: How to get low tech people to embrace technology?


Intel refers to a whole class of ultraportable laptops as an “ultrabook” by Intel. When a laptop satisfies certain requirements, such as size/weight, battery life, and chipset type, it is referred to as an ultrabook.

Despite often costing more than conventional laptops, ultrabooks have many features that make them worthwhile investments.

The typical battery life of laptops in this category is up to 20 hours, which is double or triple the average battery life of full-size notebooks. Due to their matte finish, excellent contrast ratio, and lack of glare, they also have screens that are exceptionally easy to view outside.

Some models even incorporate touchscreens for simpler file browsing on a computer without needing an external keyboard or mouse.

The small size of ultrabook computers makes them portable as well; depending on screen size, these lightweight machines weigh between two and three pounds, making them easy to transport.

Some drawbacks are that these laptops are more expensive than other types, and their battery life can be impacted by utilizing specific programs, such as graphically intensive games or multitasking between several heavy apps.

Because of their weight, they are also less suitable for prolonged work sessions on your lap because it is more difficult to maintain equilibrium all day without being exhausted. If you carry one around all day, it will eventually cause back and arm pain.

Most of the time, ultrabooks are not a good option for people who want a cheap laptop but have a limited budget or a lack of space in their home office work area (due to their size).


Apple’s laptop computers are called MacBooks. The ultra-thin MacBook Air and the powerful MacBook Pro are the two models we frequently see. 


Google’s ChromeOS is used on Chromebooks. Since they are made to operate with web apps and have cloud storage for their data, they have limited storage. Chromebooks are common in the educational sector. They are a wonderful alternative because they are affordable and have Android app support.


A Chromebook is a cheap laptop that uses the Google Chrome operating system and web applications rather than more expensive desktop programs like Microsoft Office or Adobe Photoshop. Schools frequently employ Chromebooks in place of more expensive Windows computers.

With their affordable price range ($149–$299), simple setup procedure, robust parental controls, and built-in virus protection, Chromebooks are soon overtaking other laptop categories in terms of quickest growth.

Convertible (2-in-1) Laptops/Tablets:

This kind combines the advantages of a tablet with a laptop. They are frequently known as hybrid laptops. They have different mechanisms, such as detaching, sliding, etc., that allow them to flip between touchscreen tablet mode and conventional keyboard mode swiftly.


The screen of hybrid laptops may be bent, making them a cross between a traditional laptop and a tablet. However, there is no standard size for hybrid laptops because they have various features that make them unique. They typically have screens that are similar to those of tablets.


More and more individuals are using tablets, a new style of laptop. With an attached keyboard, they can function like laptops but are tablets. Tablets are thought to be the form factor of the next generation of laptops. When packed, a tablet is simple to transport.

Tablets are fantastic for travel because they can be quickly put away while you’re out and about or used as a TV remote while you’re at home relaxing.

A tablet also offers less distraction than most laptops do because, thanks to their touchscreens and lighter weight (some weigh less than one pound), it’s simpler to pick up where you left off after getting sidetracked rather than having to stop what you’re doing entirely first and then return later, as some laptop users frequently must resort to because of their heavier design.

What is the largest flaw, though? Since tablets lack keyboards, they might not be the best choice for you if you struggle with typing. However, you can solve this problem by getting a Bluetooth external keyboard.


A low-powered Intel Atom processor powers a netbook, a low-cost laptop. This laptop-style is no longer manufactured because others, such as Chromebooks and ultrabooks, have taken its place. It is an extremely energy-efficient gadget because it is Intel Atom chipset powered. For simple jobs, it can perform quickly and consistently. Although the battery life will be shorter than that of other models, depending on how it is used, the user may not be too bothered by this.

How is a Laptop Different from a Desktop?

A laptop’s mobility and small size are two key distinctions from a desktop computer. Due to the laptop’s numerous I/O connections can operate with the same hardware as a desktop computer.

The primary distinction is that you can quickly detach the hardware and take the laptop wherever you go, thereby converting your laptop into a desktop computer.

Certain laptop computers, like netbooks, forgo some capability to be even more portable. Laptops exist in various designs and manufacturers and have unique software and programs. Using a USB wireless, a laptop computer can also access the Internet.

They can also be connected to a webcam, digital camera, and microphone. These computers have screens that range in size from 12 to 16 inches.

Thanks to an average RAM of 2GB and a graphics card with the same processing capability as a desktop, you may enjoy all the multimedia features of your laptop without experiencing any response time. This makes it simple to enjoy your favorite DVDs, play video games, or edit photos. You can manage it all on your laptop.


In a nutshell what is laptop computer and its types? A laptop is a mobile computer with an LCD screen that you can use anywhere. For those who must travel and work, it is the ideal tool. Portable computers are known as laptops.

They offer the same features and functions as a desktop computer but are smaller and lighter. Because laptops may access the Internet via Wi-Fi or Ethernet cables, you don’t need to be near an outlet to use one. Most laptops come with keyboards, mice, and screens like desktop computers.

A laptop is a portable computer that serves a variety of functions. You might, for instance, use it as your main computer or to complete schoolwork without the requirement for an internet connection. You can use the time if the power goes out to get some urgent job done before the lights return.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the uses of laptops?

Laptops are utilized in many different contexts, including work, school, gaming, web browsing, and personal multimedia and basic home computer use.

What is laptop?

A keyboard and display unit on a portable computer that is tiny enough to be used on the lap. (computing) a portable computer A laptop is a portable computer that has a keyboard, mouse, fold-down screen, microprocessor, and rechargeable battery. A laptop is something like a MacBook Air.

Who invented the laptop?

The Osborne I, created by Adam Osborne in April 1981, is the first authentic laptop computer. It was the first fully portable computer. It featured a 5″ display and weighed 24 12 pounds. In 1981, Epson released the Epson HX-20. It was the first mobile device with an integrated printer.

Why is a laptop important in life?

There are various uses for laptops in households. People use them to view movies online on entertainment platforms like Netflix, play video games, access their social networks and bank platforms, manage family budgets, make payments, find all kinds of information, and save and edit audio-visual content.

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